7 selecting the proper baseline against which to compare the electoral college is bound to gen- erate some controversy this note uses the popular vote as a baseline because it provides a sim- ple means of comparison and is, in practice, the most widespread alternative to the electoral col- lege in american elections. Research on the us electoral college including pro and cons arguments for keeping it in presidential elections the debate over the continued use of the electoral college resurfaced during the 2016 presidential election, when donald trump lost the general election to hillary clinton by over 28 million votes and won the. America's presidential election on november 8th shone a light on a quirk of its electoral system: the use of the electoral college rather than the popular vote to decide the winner donald trump won by accumulating more electoral-college votes (evs) than hillary clinton yet 29m more people voted for. If any of this strikes you as unfair, you can join the chorus of critics who have abhorred the electoral college for generations. Notes, laws, questions, arguments, links, and background information concerning the electoral college and the selection of the president of the united states. The electoral college is used to elect the president of the united states each state is the patriot debates whether the electoral college benefits or detracts from the election process the electoral college is one that is outdated, unreliable, and in direct conflict with our rights, so why is it still in use. This is why america uses the electoral college to elect presidents marie solis after a 36-day recount of florida voters' ballots, there was a verdict — but to many americans it didn't seem like a legitimate one neither he nor i anticipated this long and difficult road, gore said in his concession speech.
Debate over the system used to choose the president and vice president of the united states is as old as the us constitution itself. The electoral college also uses the states like water-tight compartments on an ocean liner to contain election problems: a dispute in one state doesn't sink the whole ship, and nation-wide recounts are never necessary americans are fortunate that through debate and compromise, the framers of the. The twelfth amendment (amendment xii) to the united states constitution provides the procedure for electing the president and vice president it replaced the procedure provided in article ii, section 1, clause 3, by which the electoral college originally functioned problems with the original procedure arose in the. A presidential elector is one person of the electoral college group who cast the formal votes that choose the president and the vice president electors are chosen by the results of the state popular vote on election day the framers expected electors to use their own judgment, however most electors today are expected to.
Established in article ii, section 1 of the us constitution, the electoral college is the formal body which elects the president and vice president of the united states each state has as many electors in the electoral college as it has representatives and senators in the united states congress, and the district of columbia. Since the electoral college process is part of the original design of the us constitution it would be necessary to pass a constitutional amendment to change this system note that the 12th amendment, the expansion of voting rights , and the use of the popular vote in the states as the vehicle for selecting electors has.
Law professors richard duncan jd '76, law, university of nebraska-lincoln and robert hockett, law, debated about the electoral college's place in modern-day america. The electoral college is the name given to the process by which the american president is elected rather than a nationwide tally of votes being made, votes are counted state by state states are allotted a certain number of 'electors' according to the size of their population the candidate who wins the.
Reagan won the election in a landslide, taking a large majority of the electoral vote and 507% of the popular vote reagan received the highest number of electoral votes ever won by a non-incumbent presidential candidate in the simultaneous congressional elections, republicans won control of the united states senate. In years after bush-gore there were failed attempts to amend the constitution to eliminate the electoral college and use the popular vote as the means of those who now wish to do away with the electoral college are welcome to amend the constitution, but if they succeed, they will be taking america. Your use of the jstor archive indicates your acceptance of jstor's terms and conditions of use, available at tained a majority of the electoral vote, and thus found that 67 percent of the american people favored the direct election of the president, 19 percent opposed, and 14 percent were undecided in this debate. Though occasionally maligned, this system of electing a chief executive has been incredibly successful for the american people many modern the founding fathers created the electoral college after much debate and compromise, but it has provided stability to the process of picking presidents though.
Amid calls for a radical overhaul of the us electoral system, george w bush was inaugurated as president of the united states on jan 20, 2001 the 2000 presidential election exposed several deficiencies in the conduct of american elections: the possibility that a candidate could win more popular votes than his. All votes are counted equally and in close races recounted carefully america should copy this state-tested model when choosing the governor of us all: the president the fact that no state uses an electoral college for its governor suggests that many standard arguments for the electoral college — recount.
The president of the united states is not chosen through a national popular vote because the framers of the constitution adopted the electoral college, which gives each state as many votes as it has members of congress the system was created as a middle ground in the debate over whether congress. Not only does no other comparable democracy use any system like the electoral college, no american state does (although the constitution leaves them free (it is not a coincidence that the constitution of 1787, even after being amended by the bill of rights, did not protect the free speech or due process. How we elect our president in the united states why use a system that is not only more arbitrarily complex but also less fair than a simple vote what vested the great compromise or the connecticut plan gave us 1) the senate (rep by state), 2) the house of rep (rep by population), 3) the electoral college and 4. Many flaws in the popular vote will be present in the electoral college since the electoral college uses the popular vote on a state level basis the electoral college is that means that most of america lives there, and so nine states controlling an election is a majority of america controlling an election under the electoral.